Everyone listed as an author should meet our criteria for authorship. We expect that all authors will take public responsibility for the content of the manuscript submitted to JPGIM.
The contributions of all authors must be described.
All authors will be contacted by email at submission to ensure that they are aware of and approve the submission of the manuscript, its content, and its authorship.
JPGIM requires that all co-authors confirm their assent to publication by email.
An authorship criterion is based on the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.
The ICMJE lists four conditions for authorship credit. Authors must meet all four conditions in order to be listed.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship.
The contributions of all authors must be described. JPGIM has adopted the CRediT Taxonomy of author contributions. As the submitting author will be responsible for completing this information at submission, it is expected that all authors will have reviewed, discussed, and agreed to their individual contributions ahead of this time.
Conceptualization: Ideas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.
Data Curation: Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later reuse.
Formal Analysis: Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data.
Funding Acquisition: Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication.
Investigation: Conducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection.
Methodology: Development or design of methodology; creation of models
Project Administration: Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.
Resources: Provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.
Software: Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components.
Supervision: Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.
Validation: Verification, whether as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs.
Visualization: Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/data presentation.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation: Creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).
Writing – Review & Editing: Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.
Contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be mentioned in the Acknowledgments. It is expected that those being acknowledged have given their permission to be named.Responsibilities of Corresponding Author
The corresponding author takes responsibility for and speaks on behalf of all authors.
JPGIM follows the COPE guidelines for changes in authorship.
Changing the author list after submission requires agreement from all authors. This includes additions, deletions, and changes in ordering. Requests must come from the corresponding author along with an explanation for the change. If the change is deemed to be appropriate, the corresponding author must receive and provide to JPGIM the consent to the change from all the authors, including any being added, deleted, or reordered.
JPGIM endorses ORCID and requires that all corresponding authors provide an ORCID iD when submitting a manuscript. We encourage co-authors to register and use their ORCID as well.
We publish the corresponding author's ORCID iD as well as any ORCIDs provided by coauthors if the manuscript is accepted. We participate in the auto-update feature implemented by Crossref such that when a paper is published, the authors ORCIDs are deposited and subsequently used to update each author’s ORCID record. Read more about ORCID.
The involvement of any professional medical writer in the publication process must be declared.