The JPGIM is committed to uphold ethical research and publication practices which are essential for honest scholarly and scientific research.
Authors should not attempt duplicate publication or simultaneous submission as these practices are serious violations of copyright laws and they can dent the integrity of scientific literature and are viewed as violations of authorial integrity which can reflect poorly on an author's honesty and scholarly abilities.
Duplicate publication describes the publication of a paper which is very similar to a paper published by the same author, without acknowledging the source and without permission from the original copyright holder although, there may be variations between the original and the second paper, such as a new title or a modified abstract, but the data set and findings remains the same.
Republication of a paper without permission and/or acknowledgment is a serious breach of publishing ethics as it violates copyright if it lies with the journal, distorts empirical evidence, amounts to “self plagiarism” and leads to waste of editorial and review resources.
The JPGIM explicitly request authors not to submit papers or variations of papers on studies that have already been published elsewhere except in the following circumstances, provided that the authors have obtained permission from the copyright holders and acknowledged that the paper has been republished or is based on a previously published paper and provide the full citation for the primary publication.
These terms refer to the submission of the same manuscript to two or more journals at the same time, without informing the journal editors that the manuscript has been submitted elsewhere. While ‘duplicate publication’ involves the submission of a previously published manuscript to another journal, simultaneous submission involves the submission of a manuscript that is under consideration at another journal.
The JPGIM considers simultaneous/multiple/dual submission as unethical publishing behavior as a copyright violation or a dispute could ensue if more than one journal decides to publish the paper and as it leads to a waste of academic and scientific resources as two (or more) journals would spend time and money on carrying out the same production tasks.
The JPGIM recommends that authors do not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal. However, if authors wish to submit a paper that is under consideration at another journal to the JPGIM, the covering letter should include written consent from all coauthors and a formal notification from the initial journal editors that the paper has been withdrawn from consideration.