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Original Articles

Assessment of Knowledge on Hypertension, its consequences and management practices among hypertensive patients - A descriptive study

Authors:

G Kisokanth ,

Eastern University, Sri Lanka, LK
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IMPS Ilankoon ,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura Nugegoda Colombo, LK
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K Arulanandem,

Eastern University of Sri Lakan, LK
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CSE Goonewardena,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
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KT Sundaresan,

Eastern University of Sri Lakan, LK
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J Joseph

Eastern University of Sri Lakan, LK
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Abstract

Background and objective Hypertension is an important public health challenge in Sri Lanka and in developing countries and is a major risk factor for many other diseases. Lack of knowledge on the benefits of better controlling and seriousness of untreated hypertension as well as the poor management practices are the barriers for an effective hypertensive care. Thus, aim of the study was to describe the level of knowledge on disease, its complications and management practices among hypertensive patients attending Medical Clinics at Teaching Hospital, Batticaloa. Methods A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out among 424 patients diagnosed as ‘Essential hypertension’ attended medical clinics at Teaching Hospital, Batticaloa .Systematic sampling technique with pre-tested interviewer administered questionnaire was used for collection of data and descriptive, inferential statistics for analysis Results The study consisted of 174 (41%) males and 250 (59%) females. Nearly half of the participants believed that heart is affected while 26% mentioned that kidneys could be affected by poor controlled hypertension. Sixty four percent believed that both tablets and lifestyle modifications were the useful strategies for controlling hypertension while 2.4% of participants were not sure of any practicing methods. Approximately 76.0% stated that reducing body weight is effective in managing hypertension while 81.1% accepted that salt reduction as another method. Only 45.0% of participants agreed that increased consumption of fruits and vegetables would improve control of hypertension. Overall knowledge score was inadequate (<50%) among 92% (n=391) with mean of 30.8% (SD ± 15.5). Statistical significant relationship was observed between knowledge score and marital status, family history of chronic disease, educational level and monthly income (p< 0.000). Conclusions Inadequate knowledge on hypertension and its complications were highlighted. Targeted health education strategies are urgently needed to improve their knowledge level to prevent consequences of poorly controlled hypertension. Health care providers could deliver appropriate cost- effective knowledge on hypertension management.
How to Cite: Kisokanth, G. et al., (2016). Assessment of Knowledge on Hypertension, its consequences and management practices among hypertensive patients - A descriptive study. Journal of the Postgraduate Institute of Medicine. 3, pp.E30:1–E3011. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jpgim.8097
Published on 24 Nov 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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