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Abstracts

Knowledge of developmental milestones and reported practices based on Early-Child-Care-Development concepts among mothers of eighteen-month old children attending immunization clinics in Colombo district

Authors:

Fazla Fayaz ,

University of Colombo, LK
About Fazla
Postgraduate Institute of Medicine
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C. S. E. Goonewardena,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About C. S. E.
Faculty of Medical Sciences
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M. C. Riyas

National Ayurvedic Teaching Hospital, Borella
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Abstract

Introduction

Early childhood is a period from conception to five years of age, and it is the most important development phase in life.

Objective

To assess knowledge and reported practices of age-appropriate developmental-stimulations based on Early-Child-Care-Development (ECCD) concepts among mothers of 18 month old children attending immunization clinics in Kolonnawa and Dehiwala MOH areas.

Methods

A descriptive-cross-sectional study was conducted among 421 mother-child pairs where the childs age is 18 months. An interviewer-administered questionnaire based on Center for Disease Control (CDC) developmental milestone assessment was used to collect data. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 17 package.

Results

Assessment of Knowledge of Developmental-milestones based on ECCD concepts was good among 306(73.9%) of mothers. Majority of mothers 377(91%) considered playing with toys is important for their child's development. They provided books, papers and crayon to scribble, bought toys, and allowed eating with spoon and cup. Majority 304(73.4%) praised their child’s positive-action physically and most mothers (77%) looked for reasons for crying. Educated mothers, being married, Tamil-ethnicity and extended-family were significantly associated with ECCD concepts (p<0.05). Playing with toys, naming family members and objects, toys brought from shops and looking for reasons to cry were statistically significant (p<0.05) among mothers with higher knowledge.

Conclusion

Majority of mothers reported age-appropriate developmental-stimulation practices except for few outdoor-activities. Importance of outdoor activities should be emphasized.
How to Cite: Fayaz, F., Goonewardena, C.S.E. & Riyas, M.C., (2017). Knowledge of developmental milestones and reported practices based on Early-Child-Care-Development concepts among mothers of eighteen-month old children attending immunization clinics in Colombo district. Journal of the Postgraduate Institute of Medicine. 3, p.E 9. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jpgim.8127
Published on 03 Jan 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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