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Early manifestation of severe plasma leakage with fluid overload and early acute kidney injury and liver injury in dengue haemorrhagic fever and lessons learnt from using N-acetylcysteine and CRRT: A Case Report

Author:

Charith Chulaguptha Perera

The National Hospital of Sri Lanka, LK
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Abstract

Dengue fever is a tropical disease that leads to complications such as plasma leakage and circulatory collapse. Fluid overload is a known complication that occurs towards the latter part of the illness usually due to overtreatment with fluids during the critical phase. Acute kidney injury is a complication that occurs as a result of shock which usually occurs after 5 to 6 days.

 

When there is a burden of extravascular or intravascular fluid overload in a background of oliguric renal failure continuous renal replacement therapy is an attractive option to get rid of the extra fluid. It can also be used as a preventive measure in patients in whom fluid overload is anticipated.

 

This case report is on a 27-year-old female found to have evidence of both acute kidney injury as well as early extravascular fluid overload on presentation (on the 04th day of the illness) which is not a common scenario in clinical practice. She also developed concomitant acute liver injury, haemorrhage, and septic shock. She succumbed to the disease on the 26th day of the illness.

 

N-acetylcysteine has proven efficacy only for paracetamol-related liver injury, in this patient it resulted in a significant response concerning liver enzymes, lactate, and INR. In addition, CRRT was used in this patient in a complicated background of extravascular fluid overload, circulatory collapse, and oliguric renal failure.

How to Cite: Perera, C.C., 2022. Early manifestation of severe plasma leakage with fluid overload and early acute kidney injury and liver injury in dengue haemorrhagic fever and lessons learnt from using N-acetylcysteine and CRRT: A Case Report. Journal of the Postgraduate Institute of Medicine, 9(1), pp.E166 1–11. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jpgim.8359
Published on 22 Mar 2022.
Peer Reviewed

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