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Reading: Growth Monitoring of Infants in an urban area of Sri Lanka – A Clinical Audit

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Growth Monitoring of Infants in an urban area of Sri Lanka – A Clinical Audit

Authors:

Kausala Sithamparapillai ,

Lady Ridegeway Hospital for Children, Colombo, Sri Lanka, LK
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Dulani Samaranayake,

University of Colombo, LK
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Pujitha Wickramasinghe

University of Colombo, LK
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Abstract

Background and objective: Regular monitoring of growth in children is important to detect abnormal growth and implement timely interventions. The aim of this audit was to assess the level of adherence to the national guidelines on growth monitoring during infancy, in children attending the immunization clinic in a tertiary care hospital Method: A clinical audit was conducted in 141 children aged 12 and 18 months attending an immunization clinic at Lady Ridgeway hospital, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Data on growth assessment were extracted from the Child Health Development Record. Sri Lanka national guidelines for growth monitoring recommend that during infancy weight should be monitored monthly and length should be checked at 4 and 9 months. More frequent monitoring is recommended if there are any concerns in growth. Results: Data of 141 children were available for analysis. There were 41.8% (n=59) girls and 77.3% (n=109) were 18-months-old. Weight-for-age was < -2SD in 18.4% (n=26), length-for-age <-2SD in 12.1% (n=17) and weight-for-length <-2SD in 15.6% (n=22). Birth weight was recorded in all while length and OFC at birth were recorded in 93.6% (n=132) and 97.9% (n=138) respectively. There were ≥ 9 weight measurements plotted during infancy in 75.9% (n=107). Length was plotted only in 56% (n=79) at 4 months of age, although 92.9% (n=131) had attended the clinic. But, length was plotted at least once between 1-6 months in 83% (n=117). Length was not plotted at 9 months in 55.3% (n=78). Of them 73.1% (n=57) has attended the clinic at 9 months. Length was not measured between 6-12 months in 29.8% (n=42). Frequency of weight and length measurements were significantly lower between 7-12 months of age compared to 1-6 months of age (weight; p<0.001 and length; p=0.02). Weight faltering was noted at some point during infancy in 60.3% (n=85) and 78.8% (n=67) of them had at least one weight-for-length plotted while 28.2% (n=24) of them had two or more recordings plotted. Conclusion: There is a need to strengthen growth monitoring during infancy in this population with high prevalence of growth faltering.
How to Cite: Sithamparapillai, K., Samaranayake, D. and Wickramasinghe, P., 2022. Growth Monitoring of Infants in an urban area of Sri Lanka – A Clinical Audit. Journal of the Postgraduate Institute of Medicine, 9(2), pp.E180 1–7. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jpgim.8385
Published on 24 Aug 2022.
Peer Reviewed

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